The complexities involved in implementing OBD compliant software can be represented by an iceberg model. Defining specific tests and fault detection criteria is just the tip. The bulk of the task occurs once a fault condition has been detected. OBD legislation precisely defines how the fault and associated information should be stored and reported using defined constructs and communication protocols. These tasks require specialist skills and typically over 10 man-years of effort to go from analyzing legislated specifications to a compliant software implementation. Systems engineers can now focus on their area of expertise by defining specific tests and fault detection criteria. The OBD Infrastructure software handles the complexities of managing fault handling such as memory management, communication protocols for service tool interface, Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) life-cycle management and security on any system and meeting mandatory specifications when required.

Guiding OBD Implementation

Developers are guided through the OBD implementation by two key product elements:

Libraries of configurable software

OBD implementation requires precisely defined constructs for fault handling and reporting, including:

The libraries contain these constructs as a C-code functions or configurable Simulink blocks that guide their correct addition to the control system. Interactive dialogues prompt for correct data given the compliance selected.

Intelligent software build system

The developer can add OBD functionality to each system test independently and rely on the Intelligent build system to take on the highly complex task of optimizing the entire system for:

OBD Standards Support

Allowed emissions are continuously being reduced and the scope of applicable vehicles is being increased. Within the decade legislation will extend to include hybrid, alternative fuel, off-highway, motorcycles and marine applications. The OB|D Infrastructure product has the flexibility to support all major proprietary and legislative OBD requirements. Dana’s experts monitor the leading regulatory bodies:

And communication standards:

On which global standards are based.


The four key aspects of the OBD Infrastructure software that accelerate the development of OBD enabled ECU software are:

Auto-generated compliant service requests for:

Auto-generated standard communications for:

Guided OBD Implementation using:

Intelligent build system optimization: